The following vulns were found on 24 June 2007 and were tested against firmware V1.00.06. The specific persistent XSS holes mentioned in this advisory were fixed by Cisco on firmware version V1.01.03. However, there are still several other persistent XSS plus the system-wide CSRF in the latest firmware. CVE-2007-3574 has been assigned to these issues. Thanks a lot to Cisco for being so great when dealing with my emails! Credits also go to pdp for providing feedback, ideas and allowing me to play with his spare WAG54GS router. By the way, part of this advisory got leaked some time ago on FD, but I am publishing it as a formal release with additional information including a password leak which can be combined with any of the persistent XSS holes found (keep reading for more info on this). DESCRIPTION There are several persistent XSS vulnerabilities on the '/setup.cgi' script. It is possible to inject JavaScript by assigning a payload like the following to any of the vulnerable parameters: > The vulnerable (non-sanitized) parameters are the following: devname, snmp_getcomm, snmp_setcomm, c4_trap_ip_. Additionally, all HTTP requests are not tokenized with random values. Thus, all requests to the router's HTTP interface are vulnerable to Cross-site Request Forgeries (CSRF), perhaps by design. The following is an example of a HTTP request (notice the lack of non-predictable tokens): POST /setup.cgi HTTP/1.1 Authorization: Basic YWRtaW46YWRtaW4= mtenRestore=Restore+Factory+Defaults&todo=defaultsettings&this_file=Factorydefaults.htm&next_file=index.htm&message= Although the original request is a POST, we can convert it to a GET, so that all posted parameters can be submitted on a single URL. For example, the previous POST request can be converted to a URL such as the following: http://admin:admin@ By forging administrative requests (Administration button on the router's HTML menu), an attacker can compromise the router provided the victim user visits a malicious URL or HTML page (which makes a request to such malicious URL). The attack can only be successful if the administrator hasn't changed the default credentials (admin/admin) or the administrator's browser has an active authentication session with the router's interface when the attack happens (highly unlikely) PERSISTENT XSS POC: The following URL creates a DoS condition by making the "Administration" page inaccessible since 'history.back()' will run every time the Administration page is visited. Thus the administrator won't be able to ever change the default credentials unless a hard reset is performed by using the router's physical "restart" switch: http://admin:admin@">history.back()&h_snmp_enable=enable&h_upnp_enable=enable&h_wlan_enable=enable&todo=save&this_file=Administration.htm&next_file=Administration.htm&message= Note that he administration page (/setup.cgi?next_file=Administration.htm) returns the admin password within the client-side HTML source code as a hidden field. i.e.: Therefore, we could also inject a payload in our persistent XSS attack which accesses the admin password through the DOM object: document.administration.old_pwd.value …and submits it to the attacker's site every time the page is accessed. That way, even if the victim admin changed the password, the attacker would receive the value of the new password! Here is an example payload: ">